SDG 10: Reduced inequalities

Imagem de <a href=httpspixabaycomptusersuseche70 11527325utm source=link attributionutm medium=referralutm campaign=imageutm content=4074203 class=ek link>Manuel Alvarez<a> por <a href=httpspixabaycomptutm source=link attributionutm medium=referralutm campaign=imageutm content=4074203>Pixabay<a>

Everyone has the right to life, liberty and the security of person.

Universal Declaration of Human Rights, art. 3


People with rare diseases remain a marginalized and invisible, albeit statistically significant, population, with nearly 300 million worldwide suffering from discrimination in health, work, and political inclusion – all prime examples of concrete inequalities that must be addressed in the spirit of SDG 10.

The life-threatening urgency imposed on people with rare diseases to participate in research and clinical trials can also occasionally compromise their right to privacy and adequate protection of their personal data and health records.

The aim is to empower and promote the social, economic, and political inclusion of all, regardless of age, gender, disability, race, ethnicity, origin, religion, or financial or other status. And to do that, discriminatory laws, policies, and practices must be eliminated.

People with a rare diseases tend to remain a marginalized and invisible population, with little information about their illnesses and very few treatment options. They suffer inequalities in access to health services and treatment and in the prices they must pay due to their social status or country of origin.

By ensuring that treatment and consideration for people living with rare diseases are equal globally, the NGO Committee on Rare Diseases will contribute to reducing inequality in healthcare and in the labor market.

Source: Eurordis

The world is more unequal today than at any time in history since 1940. Inequality in income and the distribution of wealth within countries has skyrocketed, crippling efforts to achieve development outcomes and expand people’s opportunities and skills, especially the most vulnerable.

Inequality is a global problem that requires integrated solutions. The strategic vision of this objective is built on the aim of eradicating poverty in all its dimensions, reducing socioeconomic inequalities, and combating discrimination of all kinds.

Its reach depends on all sectors in the quest to promote opportunities for the most excluded people on the development path. An essential focus of SDG 10 is the contemporary challenge of migration and flows of displaced people between countries and regions due to conflicts, extreme weather events, or persecution. Reaching its goals is essential for achieving all the other 16 Sustainable Development Goals.

Everyone is entitled to a social and international order in which the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration can be fully realized.

Universal Declaration of Human Rights, art. 28

Get to know SDG 10 and its targets

10.1By 2030, progressively achieve and sustain income growth of the bottom 40 per cent of the population at a rate higher than the national average
10.2By 2030, empower and promote the social, economic and political inclusion of all, irrespective of age, sex, disability, race, ethnicity, origin, religion or economic or other status
10.3Ensure equal opportunity and reduce inequalities of outcome, including by eliminating discriminatory laws, policies and practices and promoting appropriate legislation, policies and action in this regard
10.4Adopt policies, especially fiscal, wage and social protection policies, and progressively achieve greater equality
10.5Improve the regulation and monitoring of global financial markets and institutions and strengthen the implementation of such regulations
10.6Ensure enhanced representation and voice for developing countries in decision-making in global international economic and financial institutions in order to deliver more effective, credible, accountable and legitimate institutionsítimas
10.7Facilitate orderly, safe, regular and responsible migration and mobility of people, including through the implementation of planned and well-managed migration policies
10.aImplement the principle of special and differential treatment for developing countries, in particular least developed countries, in accordance with World Trade Organization agreements
10.bEncourage official development assistance and financial flows, including foreign direct investment, to States where the need is greatest, in particular least developed countries, African countries, small island developing States and landlocked developing countries, in accordance with their national plans and programmes
10.cBy 2030, reduce to less than 3 per cent the transaction costs of migrant remittances and eliminate remittance corridors with costs higher than 5 per cent

Want to know how Brazil performed on SDG 10 in 2022?

The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development: Spotlight Report 2022 Brazil Synthesis, which is the source of our data, is a document prepared by the Working Group of Civil Society for the 2030 Agenda (GT Agenda 2030/GTSC A2030). It analyzes the implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in Brazil. It shows what the country needs to do to fulfill the commitment it assumed with the UN to reach global goals by 2030.

To find out how Brazil performed in SDG 10, click here.
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